Posted Friday May 31, 2019 by ffvfadmin



 

Remembering the Medal of Honor recipients of D-Day

and the liberation of France, 75 years later

 

Four U.S. Army soldiers were awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for their heroic actions on D-Day, June 6, 1944: Carlton W. Barrett, Jimmie W. Monteith Jr., John J. Pinder Jr., and Theodore Roosevelt Jr.

Two were enlisted men, and two officers. Two were New Yorkers, one was from Pennsylvania, and one from Virginia. Three were awarded their Medals posthumously. Monteith, 26, and Pinder, one day shy of his 32d birthday, were killed in combat on June 6. The 56-year-old Roosevelt died of a heart attack a month later. Barrett, then 24, survived D-Day and the war.

The portions of their Medal of Honor citations that follow tell their stories of courage and sacrifice, which are representative of many such moments from that day and the weeks that followed in the liberation of France. Between D-Day and June 25, nine more soldiers would receive the Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest award for valor, and their stories are shared here too.

Pvt. Carlton W. Barrett
Albany, NY

“On the morning of D-Day, Pvt. Barrett, landing in the face of extremely heavy enemy fire, was forced to wade ashore through neck-deep water. Disregarding the personal danger, he returned to the surf again and again to assist his floundering comrades and save them from drowning.

“Refusing to remain pinned down by the intense barrage of small-arms and mortar fire poured at the landing points, Pvt. Barrett, working with fierce determination, saved many lives by carrying casualties to an evacuation boat lying offshore. In addition to his assigned mission as guide, he carried dispatches the length of the fire-swept beach; he assisted the wounded; he calmed the shocked; he arose as a leader in the stress of the occasion.

“His coolness and his dauntless daring courage while constantly risking his life during a period of many hours had an inestimable effect on his comrades and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army.”

Read more here.

Technician Fifth Grade John J. Pinder Jr.
Burgettstown, PA

“On D-Day, Tech. Fifth Grade Pinder landed on the coast 100 yards off shore under devastating enemy machinegun and artillery fire which caused severe casualties among the boatload. Carrying a vitally important radio, he struggled towards shore in waist-deep water.

“Only a few yards from his craft he was hit by enemy fire and was gravely wounded. Tech. Fifth Grade Pinder never stopped. He made shore and delivered the radio. Refusing to take cover afforded, or to accept medical attention for his wounds, Tech. Fifth Grade Pinder, though terribly weakened by loss of blood and in fierce pain, on three occasions went into the fire-swept surf to salvage communication equipment. He recovered many vital parts and equipment, including another workable radio.

“On the third trip he was again hit, suffering machinegun bullet wounds in the legs. Still this valiant soldier would not stop for rest or medical attention. Remaining exposed to heavy enemy fire, growing steadily weaker, he aided in establishing the vital radio communication on the beach. While so engaged this dauntless soldier was hit for the third time and killed.

“The indomitable courage and personal bravery of Tech. Fifth Grade Pinder was a magnificent inspiration to the men with whom he served.”

Read more here.

Second Lt. John Edward Butts
Medina, NY

“Second Lt. Butts heroically led his platoon against the enemy in Normandy, France, on 14, 16 and 23 June, 1944. Although painfully wounded on the 14th near Orglandes and again on the 16th while spearheading an attack to establish a bridgehead across the Douve River, he refused medical aid and remained with his platoon. A week later, near Flottemanville Hague, he led an assault on a tactically important and stubbornly defended hill studded with tanks, antitank guns, pillboxes, and machinegun emplacements, and protected by concentrated artillery and mortar fire.

“As the attack was launched, Second Lt. Butts, at the head of his platoon, was critically wounded by German machinegun fire. Although weakened by his injuries, he rallied his men and directed one squad to make a flanking movement while he alone made a frontal assault to draw the hostile fire upon himself. Once more he was struck, but by grim determination and sheer courage continued to crawl ahead. When within ten yards of his objective, he was killed by direct fire.

“By his superb courage, unflinching valor and inspiring actions, Second Lt. Butts enabled his platoon to take a formidable strong point and contributed greatly to the success of his battalion’s mission.”

Read more here.

Staff Sgt. Arthur F. DeFranzo
Saugus, MA

“On 10 June 1944 … as scouts were advancing across an open field, the enemy suddenly opened fire with several machineguns and hit one of the men. Staff Sgt. DeFranzo courageously moved out in the open to the aid of the wounded scout and was himself wounded but brought the man to safety.

“Refusing aid, Staff Sgt. DeFranzo reentered the open field and led the advance upon the enemy. There were always at least two machineguns bringing unrelenting fire upon him, but Staff Sgt. DeFranzo kept going forward, firing into the enemy and one-by-one the enemy emplacements became silent. While advancing he was again wounded, but continued on until he was within 100 yards of the enemy position and even as he fell, he kept firing his rifle and waving his men forward.

“When his company came up behind him, Staff Sgt. DeFranzo, despite his many severe wounds, suddenly raised himself and once more moved forward in the lead of his men until he was again hit by enemy fire. In a final gesture of indomitable courage, he threw several grenades at the enemy machinegun position and completely destroyed the gun. In this action, Staff Sgt. DeFranzo lost his life, but by bearing the brunt of the enemy fire in leading the attack, he prevented a delay in the assault which would have been of considerable benefit to the foe, and he made possible his company’s advance with a minimum of casualties.

“The extraordinary heroism and magnificent devotion to duty displayed by Staff Sgt. DeFranzo was a great inspiration to all about him, and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the armed forces.”

Read more here.

Staff Sgt. Walter D. Ehlers
Junction City, KS

“Staff Sgt. Ehlers, always acting as the spearhead of the attack, repeatedly led his men against heavily defended enemy strong points [on 9 and 10 June, 1944] exposing himself to deadly hostile fire whenever the situation required heroic and courageous leadership. Without waiting for an order, Staff Sergeant Ehlers, far ahead of his men, led his squad against a strongly defended enemy strong point, personally killing four of an enemy patrol who attacked him en route. Then crawling forward under withering machinegun fire, he pounced upon the gun crew and put it out of action. Turning his attention to two mortars protected by the crossfire of two machineguns, Staff Sergeant Ehlers led his men through this hail of bullets to kill or put to flight the enemy of the mortar section, killing three men himself.

“After mopping up the mortar positions, he again advanced on a machinegun, his progress effectively covered by his squad. When he was almost on top of the gun he leaped to his feet and, although greatly outnumbered, he knocked out the position single-handed.

“The next day, having advanced deep into enemy territory, the platoon of which Staff Sgt. Ehlers was a member, finding itself in an untenable position as the enemy brought increased mortar, machinegun, and small arms fire to bear on it, was ordered to withdraw. Staff Sgt. Ehlers, after his squad had covered the withdrawal of the remainder of the platoon, stood up and by continuous fire at the semicircle of enemy placements, diverted the bulk of the heavy hostile fire on himself, thus permitting the members of his own squad to withdraw.

“At this point, though wounded himself, he carried his wounded automatic rifleman to safety and then returned fearlessly over the shell-swept field to retrieve the automatic rifle which he was unable to carry previously. After having his wound treated, he refused to be evacuated, and returned to lead his squad.

“The intrepid leadership, indomitable courage, and fearless aggressiveness displayed by Staff Sgt. Ehlers in the face of overwhelming enemy forces serve as an inspiration to others.”

Read more here.

Technical Sgt. Frank D. Peregory
Esmont, VA

“On 8 June 1944, the 3d Battalion of the 116th Infantry was advancing on the strongly held German defenses at Grandcampe, France, when the leading elements were suddenly halted by decimating machinegun fire from a firmly entrenched enemy force on the high ground overlooking the town.

“After numerous attempts to neutralize the enemy position by supporting artillery and tank fire had proved ineffective, Technical Sgt. Peregory, on his own initiative, advanced up the hill under withering fire, and worked his way to the crest where he discovered an entrenchment leading to the main enemy fortifications 200 yards away. Without hesitating, he leaped into the trench and moved toward the emplacement.

“Encountering a squad of enemy riflemen, he fearlessly attacked them with hand grenades and bayonet, killed eight and forced three to surrender. Continuing along the trench, he single-handedly forced the surrender of 32 more riflemen, captured the machine gunners, and opened the way for the leading elements of the battalion to advance and secure its objective.

“The extraordinary gallantry and aggressiveness displayed by Technical Sgt. Peregory are exemplary of the highest tradition of the armed forces.”

Read more here.

First Lt. Jimmie W. Monteith Jr.
Richmond, VA

“First Lt. Monteith landed with the initial assault waves on the coast of France under heavy enemy fire. Without regard to his own personal safety he continually moved up and down the beach reorganizing men for further assault. He then led the assault over a narrow protective ledge and across the flat, exposed terrain to the comparative safety of a cliff.

“Retracing his steps across the field to the beach, he moved over to where two tanks were buttoned up and blind under violent enemy artillery and machinegun fire. Completely exposed to the intense fire, First Lt. Monteith led the tanks on foot through a minefield and into firing positions. Under his direction several enemy positions were destroyed. He then rejoined his company and under his leadership his men captured an advantageous position on the hill.

“Supervising the defense of his newly won position against repeated vicious counterattacks, he continued to ignore his own personal safety, repeatedly crossing the 200 or 300 yards of open terrain under heavy fire to strengthen links in his defensive chain. When the enemy succeeded in completely surrounding First Lt. Monteith and his unit and while leading the fight out of the situation, First Lt. Monteith was killed by enemy fire.

“The courage, gallantry, and intrepid leadership displayed by First Lt. Monteith is worthy of emulation.”

Read more here.

Brig. Gen. Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
Oyster Bay, NY

“After two verbal requests to accompany the leading assault elements in the Normandy invasion had been denied, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt’s written request for this mission was approved and he landed with the first wave of the forces assaulting the enemy-held beaches. He repeatedly led groups from the beach, over the seawall and established them inland. His valor, courage, and presence in the very front of the attack and his complete unconcern at being under heavy fire inspired the troops to heights of enthusiasm and self-sacrifice.

“Although the enemy had the beach under constant direct fire, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt moved from one locality to another, rallying men around him, directed and personally led them against the enemy. Under his seasoned, precise, calm, and unfaltering leadership, assault troops reduced beach strong points and rapidly moved inland with minimum casualties. He thus contributed substantially to the successful establishment of the beachhead in France.”

Read more here.

Lt. Col. Robert G. Cole
Fort Sam Houston, TX

“On 11 June 1944 … Lt. Col. Cole was personally leading his battalion in forcing the last four bridges on the road to Carentan when his entire unit was suddenly pinned to the ground by intense and withering enemy rifle, machinegun, mortar, and artillery fire placed upon them from well-prepared and heavily fortified positions within 150 yards of the foremost elements.

“After the devastating and unceasing enemy fire had for over one hour prevented any move and inflicted numerous casualties, Lt. Col. Cole, observing this almost hopeless situation, courageously issued orders to assault the enemy positions with fixed bayonets. With utter disregard for his own safety and completely ignoring the enemy fire, he rose to his feet in front of his battalion and with drawn pistol shouted to his men to follow him in the assault.

“Catching up a fallen man’s rifle and bayonet, he charged on and led the remnants of his battalion across the bullet-swept open ground and into the enemy position. His heroic and valiant action in so inspiring his men resulted in the complete establishment of our bridgehead across the Douve River.

“The cool fearlessness, personal bravery, and outstanding leadership displayed by Lt. Col. Cole reflect great credit upon himself and are worthy of the highest praise in the military service.”

Read more here.

Pvt. First Class Charles N. DeGlopper
Grand Island, NY

“PFC DeGlopper was a member of [the] 82d Airborne Division, on 9 June 1944 advancing with the forward platoon to secure a bridgehead across the Merderet River at La Fiere, France. At dawn the platoon had penetrated an outer line of machineguns and riflemen, but in so doing had become cut off from the rest of the company.

“Vastly superior forces began a decimation of the stricken unit and put in motion a flanking maneuver which would have completely exposed the American platoon in a shallow roadside ditch where it had taken cover. Detecting this danger, PFC DeGlopper volunteered to support his comrades by fire from his automatic rifle while they attempted a withdrawal through a break in a hedgerow 40 yards to the rear.

“Scorning a concentration of enemy automatic weapons and rifle fire, he walked from the ditch onto the road in full view of the Germans, and sprayed the hostile positions with assault fire. He was wounded, but he continued firing. Struck again, he started to fall; and yet his grim determination and valiant fighting spirit could not be broken. Kneeling in the roadway, weakened by his grievous wounds, he leveled his heavy weapon against the enemy and fired burst after burst until killed outright.

“He was successful in drawing the enemy action away from his fellow soldiers, who continued the fight from a more advantageous position and established the first bridgehead over the Merderet. In the area where he made his intrepid stand his comrades later found the ground strewn with dead Germans and many machineguns and automatic weapons which he had knocked out of action.

“PFC DeGlopper’s gallant sacrifice and unflinching heroism while facing insurmountable odds were in great measure responsible for a highly important tactical victory in the Normandy Campaign.”

Read more here.

Pvt. Joe Gandara
Santa Monica, CA

“On [9 June 1944], Pvt. Gandara’s detachment came under devastating enemy fire from a strong German force, pinning the men to the ground for a period of four hours. Pvt. Gandara voluntarily advanced alone toward the enemy position. Firing his machinegun from his hip as he moved forward, he destroyed three hostile machineguns before he was fatally wounded.

“Pvt. Gandara’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness at the cost of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit and the United States Army.”

Read more here.

Technical Sgt. John D. Kelly
Venango Township, PA

On 25 June 1944 … when Cpl. Kelly’s unit was pinned down by heavy enemy machinegun fire emanating from a deeply entrenched strongpoint on the slope leading up to the fort, Cpl. Kelly volunteered to attempt to neutralize the strongpoint.

“Arming himself with a pole charge about 10 feet long and with 15 pounds of explosive affixed, he climbed the slope under a withering blast of machinegun fire and placed the charge at the strongpoint’s base. The subsequent blast was ineffective, and again, alone and unhesitatingly, he braved the slope to repeat the operation. This second blast blew off the ends of the enemy guns.

“Cpl. Kelly then climbed the slope a third time to place a pole charge at the strongpoint’s rear entrance. When this had been blown open he hurled hand grenades inside the position, forcing survivors of the enemy gun crews to come out and surrender.

“The gallantry, tenacity of purpose, and utter disregard for personal safety displayed by Corporal Kelly were an incentive to his comrades and worthy of emulation by all.”

Read more here.

First Lt. Carlos Carnes Ogden Sr.
Borton, IL

“On the morning of 25 June 1944, near Fort du Roule, guarding the approaches to Cherbourg, France, First Lt. Ogden’s company was pinned down by fire from a German 88-mm gun and two machineguns. Arming himself with an M-1 rifle, a grenade launcher, and a number of rifle and hand grenades, he left his company in position and advanced alone, under fire, up the slope toward the enemy emplacements.

“Struck on the head and knocked down by a glancing machinegun bullet, First Lt. Ogden, in spite of his painful wound and enemy fire from close range, continued up the hill. Reaching a vantage point, he silenced the 88-mm. gun with a well-placed rifle grenade and then, with hand grenades, knocked out the two machineguns, again being painfully wounded.

“First Lt. Ogden’s heroic leadership and indomitable courage in alone silencing these enemy weapons inspired his men to greater effort and cleared the way for the company to continue the advance and reach its objectives.”

Read more here.

These heroes of the Greatest Generation are honored in the following locations in the Medal of Honor Grove on the campus of Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge:

NEW YORK: Carlton W. Barrett, Theodore Roosevelt Jr., John E. Butts, Charles N. DeGlopper.

PENNSYLVANIA: John J. Pinder Jr., John D. Kelly.

VIRGINIA: Jimmie W. Monteith Jr., Frank D. Peregory.

CALIFORNIA: Joe Gandara.

KANSAS: Walter D. Ehlers.

MASSACHUSETTS: Arthur F. DeFranzo.

MICHIGAN: Robert G. Cole.

ILLINOIS: Carlos C. Ogden Sr.